The Lindsays listed here will be that group whose lives and achievements were 

fulfilled from the earliest time until approximately the end of the nineteenth century.

Alexander Lindsay (1752-1825) was a major commanding the 53rd Regiment of the Light Infantry of the British army, under the command of General Burgoyne, during the American Revolution. He surrendered to the American forces October 17, 1777, along with General Burgoyne, at the battle of Saratoga.

Alexander William Crawford Lindsay was the 25th Earl of Crawford and the 8th Earl of Balcarres. He was born 16 October 1812 and died 13 December 1880. Lord Lindsay was the author of the superb three volume Lives of the Lindsays genealogy first publicly published in 1849.

Apart from the fact that this gentleman was some sort of court or heraldic official who is mentioned in relation to his predecessors and relatives, nothing can be found of his history. If anyone has information please get in touch.

Lady Anne Lindsay was born in 12 December 1750 in Scotland, daughter of Sir James Lindsay, 5th Earl of Balcarres. In 1793 she married Andrew Barnard, son of the Bishop of Limerick and regent of the Cape of Good Hope (South Africa). Andrew returned to Great Britain in March 1794 but Lady Anne remained in South Africa until 1802. She described the stay in her book “South Africa A Century Ago”. She came best known for her popular  ballad “Auld Robin Gray”, written in 1772. Music for her ballad was written by the Reverend William Leeves (1748 – 1828, poet & composer, became Rector of Wrington in 1779) and it is believed later inspired Alfred Lord Tennyson (1809 – 1892) to write his poem “Enoch Arden”(1864). Lady Anne Barnard died 6 May 1825 in London, England

Sir David Lindsay (1365-1407) was descended from Sir Alexander Lindsay of Glenesk and Catherine Stirling. He married the Princess Catherine Stuart, who was the 5th daughter of King Robert II of Scotland. Sir David was created the first Earl of Crawford in 1398.  He is also noted for sparing rather than killing an opponent during a tournament at London Bridge in 1390.

This David Lindsay (1440-1495) was the 5th Earl of Crawford (acceded 1453) and created the Duke of Montrose 18 May 1488 by Scottish King James III for his dedicated loyalty. It was the first instance of the rank of Duke having been conferred upon a Scottish subject, not of the royal family

Sir David Lindsay of the Mount in Fife (1486-1555) was of the line of the Lindsays of the Byres and was closely associated with the Scottish court throughout his entire life. He was a renaissance poet popular at the royal courts of James IV (1473-1513) and James V (1512-1542). He was the tutor of the young King James V. He held the rank of Lord Lyon King of Arms from 1542 to 1555. The image of Sir David Lindsay, to the left, is from a woodcut on the title page of “Lyndsays Workes, 1634”. 

Sir David Lindsay is perhaps most famous for his  play Ane Satyre of the Thrie Estaitis (The Satire of the Three Estates) first performed near his home at Cupar (Fife) before the royal court at Linlithgow in 1540. This masterpiece was a political morality play. The target was contemporary society; the corruption of the King’s councilors, the dishonesty of craftsmen, and the superstition and greed found in all sections of the church. The play voiced a passionate appeal for the reform of the Scottish church and state. It has had many performances since its successful revival at the Edinburgh Festival of 1948.

Sir David Lindsay was first married to Katherine Lindsay, daughter of Patrick, 4th Lord Lindsay of The Byres; Katherine died in 1525. His second marriage was to Janet Douglas.


The David Lindsay Chapter of the DAR Montevallo, Alabama DAR was formed in 1927, and named for David Lindsey who was reported to be a Revolutionary Soldier buried at or near Elliottsville, Shelby County, Alabama, USA. The DAR placed and dedicated a marker on Alabama Day, 1953 at the burial site near Maylene, Alabama approximately 5 miles from Montevallo This gravesite is located on the old homestead of their son, Elijah Lindsey, who is buried there in an unmarked grave.

In 1953, Mrs. A. W. Vaughan, with the help of Mrs. John Oden Luttrell & Miss Maude McClure Kelly, put together an extensive work on the first 3 generations of David Lindsey, coming to the conclusion that he and Mary Casey most likely were from Pennsylvania, where their first children were born. Then they moved to Virginia. David is reported to have served with the 2nd, 3rd, 4th & 6th regiments of the Virginia Continental Lines for three years. On August 2, 1784, he received 100 acres granted in Virginia, for his service in the War for Independence. It has been reported that he was the son of David Lindsey, b. abt 1695 and Ruth Nyse, b. abt 1697 in Pennsylvania.

Robert James Lindsay (1832-1901), born 16 April at Balcarres, the youngest child of General James and Anne (nee Trotter) Lindsay, cousin to the 26th Earl of Crawford and recipient of the first Victoria Cross awarded to the British Army. The VC cited bravery in action on 20 September 1854 at the Battle of the Alma, Crimea where he fought with his regiment, the Scots Fusilier Guards. On 11 June 1856 Robert Lindsay returned to Britain a national hero to be decorated by Queen Victoria who held the first VC investiture in Hyde Park on June 26, 1857.

During the following years Robert became a conspicuous figure in society. In 1858 he was selected by the Prince Consort for the post of Equerry in the newly formed household of the young Prince of Wales. Within a year he had left the army at the age of 27 with the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel.

Lindsay married Harriet Sarah Jones-Loyd, the only child of Lord (Samuel Jones Loyd) and Lady Overstone, an influential British banking family. He assumed the name Loyd-Lindsay by royal license, and took the arms of the Loyd family. The Lockinge Estate was acquired by Robert Loyd-Lindsay through his wife’s family in 1858. By 1873 it  comprised some 20,000 acres and was the largest in Berkshire and one of the largest in England.

Robert Loyd-Lindsay maintained a lively interest in military matters and, at the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian war in 1870, he  founded the National Society for Aid to the Sick and Wounded in War which later became the British Red Cross Society.

On 23 July 1885 he was created Baron Wantage of Lockinge by Queen Victoria. On 28 July 1885 he took his seat in the House of Lords. The title became extinct at his death. He died June 10, 1901, eight days after he attended the funeral of Queen Victoria. 

The Victoria Cross is the British realm’s highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy. It has precedence over any other of the Sovereign’s awards or Commonwealth decorations. The Victoria Cross was founded by Royal Warrant January 29, 1856 to recognize the bravery of those who were then fighting the Crimean War. It was available to all soldiers and “neither rank, nor long service, nor wounds, nor any other circumstance or condition whatsoever, save the merit of conspicuous bravery” could make one eligible.

The Cross itself is cast from the bronze of cannons captured at Sevastopol during the Crimean War. The design, chosen by Queen Victoria, consists of a cross patee ensigned with the Royal Crest resting upon a scroll bearing the words “For Valour.” The reverse of the suspender bar is engraved with the recipients’ name, rank and unit while the reverse of the cross is engraved with the date of the deed for which the recipient was honored

James Bowman Lindsay was born in 1799 at Carmyllie, Scotland to parents of modest means. As a child he was trained as a handloom weaver. In 1821 he matriculated at St. Andrew’s University. He was appointed Lecturer in Science and Mathematics at the Watt Institution in Dundee in 1829. From 1841 he taught at Dundee Prison, but resigned in 1858 after being granted an annual pension of £100 by the Prime Minister ” in recognition of his great learning and extraordinary attainments “.

He had many interests, including astronomy, mathematics and science. He conducted much research into electricity and wireless telegraphy. His patent of a wireless system of telegraphy in 1854 preceded the successful Marconi system of the present day. From 1828 to his death in 1862 he also worked on his Pentecontaglossal Dictionary, a dictionary of synonyms in 107 languages, and in 1858 he published his Chrono-Astrolabe, a set of astronomical tables intended to assist in fixing historical dates. James Bowman Lindsay is buried in Dundee’s Western Cemetery and his memorial extols his accomplishments.

Robert Burns Lindsay is best known as the Democratic Governor of the state of Alabama from 1870 to 1872. He was the only foreign-born citizen to serve as a governor of Alabama. Born on July 4, 1824, in Lochmaben, Dumfriesshire, Scotland. He was educated in Scotland at parochial schools and the University of St. Andrews.

In 1844 he visited his brother David in North Carolina and stayed there studying law and teaching. He moved to Tuscumbia, Alabama, in 1849 and continued teaching until 1852 when he was admitted to the bar and began a law practice. He was elected to represent Franklin County in the Alabama state legislature in 1853. In 1857 he was elected to the state senate. He was a presidential elector to the 1860 Democratic convention and chose to support Douglas when the party split. He opposed secession but served in Roddy’s cavalry during part of the Civil War. In 1865 he returned to the state senate. In the governor’s race of 1870, Lindsay narrowly defeated the incumbent Republican governor, William H. Smith. Smith at first refused to concede the office to Lindsay, claiming he was fraudulently elected, until forced to do so by a court order.

During Lindsay’s administration the Alabama Polytechnic Institute (now Auburn University) was established to provide education in agriculture and mechanical arts. The cities of Gadsden and Birmingham were incorporated in 1871.

Robert Burns Lindsay’s major problem was the failure of the Republican-controlled Alabama and Chattanooga Railroad to meet its bond interest payments. The Democratic-controlled South and North Railroad soon failed as well. In the end Governor Lindsay’s compromise decision to stand behind some of the questionable bonds…satisfied no one.”

Lindsay refused to run for a second term. He retired to his private law practice even though stricken with paralysis soon after leaving office. He married Sarah Miller Winston, sister of Governor John Winston, in 1854. Of the nine children born to them, only four daughters were still living at the time of his death on February 13, 1902.

Robert Lindsay of Pitscottie is best known for his famous history of Scotland entitled The Historie and Chronicles of Scotland, 1436-1565. Of the family of the Lindsays of the Byres, a grandson of Patrick Lindsay, 4th Lord Lindsay, Robert was born at Pitscottie, in the parish of Ceres, Fife, which he held in lease at a later period. His Historie, the only work by which he is remembered, is described as a continuation of that of Hector Boece, translated by John Bellenden. Although it sometimes degenerates into a mere chronicle of short entries, it is not without passages of great picturesqueness. Sir Walter Scott made use of it in his narrative poem Marmion; and, in spite of its inaccuracy in details, it is useful for the social history of the period. Lindesay’s share in the Historie was generally supposed to end with 1565; but Dr Aeneas Mackay considers that the frank account of the events connected with Mary, Queen of Scots, between 1565 and 1575 contained in one of the manuscripts is by his hand and was only suppressed because it was too faithful in its record of contemporary affairs. The Historie was first published in 1728. A complete edition of the text, based on the Laing MS. No. 218 in the university of Edinburgh, was published by the Scottish Text Society in 1899 under the editorship of Aeneas Mackay. The manuscript, formerly in the possession of John Scott of Halkshill, is fuller, and, though in a later hand, is, on the whole, a better representative of Lindsay’s text

Walter de Lindsay is considered by all to be the first of the Lindsay surname to reside in Scotland. Walter’s father is believed to be Gilbert de Ghent, who was one of the Flemish knights who supported William the Conqueror in his conquest of England. 

One account starts with Gilbert de Ghent who was born about 1048. Gilbert took part in the Norman invasion of 1066 along with the strong contingent of Flemish supporters of William the Conqueror. He had a son Walter, born about 1080, who came to be known as Sir Walter de Lindsay. Sir Walter is thought to have accompanied David, Earl of Huntingdon (later King David I) when he came north to the Lowlands in the early 1100s. In 1116 he witnessed an inquisition for the see of Glasgow. He had a son, William de Lindsay, born about 1096. William, in turn, had a son Walter de Lindsay born about 1122. This Walter held the office of Justiciar [Scotland] and sat in Parliament [Scotland] in 1145. He had a son William de Lindsay born about 1148 who married, firstly, Aleanora de Limesay (daughter of Gerard, Lord of Limesay and Amicia de Bidun) about 1174 by whom he had three sons. He married, secondly, Margaret of Huntingdon (daughter of Henry of Huntington, Earl of Huntington and Ada de Warenne). Margaret was the granddaughter of David I and sister to Malcolm IV and William I. He was heir of Randolph de Lindesay, feudal lord of Northumbria. In 1164 he sat in Parliament [Scotland]. In 1174 he was a hostage for King William, his brother in law. He held the office of Justiciar [Scotland] after 1174. He was feudal Lord of Crawford, but styled Baron of Luffness in Parliament. He died about 1200. His three sons were: Sir David Lindsay, of Crawford, Sir William Lindsay of Luffness and Sir Walter Lindsay of Lamberton.

Source: The Peerage website

The first Unitarian church in England was founded in London in 1774 by Theophilus Lindsey (1723-1808) [1]

Theophilus Lindsey was born at Middlewich, Cheshire, on June 20, 1723. Educated at the free grammar school, Leeds, and at St John’s College, Cambridge,. He was a fellow of the college from 1747 to 1755. Through his mother’s connections and his Cambridge acquaintances, he benefited from aristocratic patronage, serving as domestic chaplain to the Duke of Somerset and as tutor to the future Duke of Northumberland. Theophilus Lindsey was married to Hannah Elsworth, the step-daughter of Francis Blackburne, Archdeacon of Cleveland. There were no children. He died at his house on Essex Street in London on November 3, 1808.

. The Toleration Act passed by the British Parliament in 1689 permitted other religious denominationsas to legally exist in England alongside the Church of England. However, these non-Anglican denominations, referred to as dissenters or nonconformists, could only refer to their meeting houses as chapels. The word “church” was reserved for the Church of England. Also, dissenters were not allowed to hold public office, serve in the armed forces or attend the universities.

Theophilus Lindsey left a comfortable life with his parish of Catterick, England, because he did not feel he could continue offering worship to Christ and the Holy Spirit when he knew the Bible taught worship of God alone. In 1774 he opened Essex Street Chapel in London for Unitarian worship using a Unitarian revison of The Book of Common Prayer. Lindsey conducted his first service for a large congregation in an auction room on Essex Street, London, on April 14th, 1774. Among those in that first congregation were Benjamin Franklin, Richard Price and his friend, Joseph Priestley.

The theological position in Protestant Christianity which denies the Trinity and affirms the single personality of God is known as Unitarianism. The background of Victorian Unitarianism is the long history of dispute among Christians about the divinity of Jesus. The Roman Catholic and Anglican churches were both staunchly Trinitarian and relentlessly persecuted Unitarian theology until the early seventeenth century. Nonetheless, such prominent thinkers as John Milton, John Locke and Isaac Newton held Unitarian views. Unitarians were chiefly notable for advocating social reform, especially the abolition of slavery in the British Empire and in the United States.

Unitarian publishing in Britain goes back as far as 1791 with the founding of the Unitarian Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge and the Practice of Virtue by the Distribution of Books. The name Lindsey Press was adopted at the beginning of the twentieth century reflecting the significance of the Unitarian theologian Theophilus Lindsey (1723-1808) for whom the chapel was built in Essex Street, London, England, on the site where Essex Hall (headquarters of the General Assembly of Unitarian and Free Christian Churches) stands today. The Lindsey Press publishes works reflecting liberal religious thought, Unitarian history, and worship material. Today the Lindsey Press is overseen, on behalf of the General Assembly, by a six-member panel

James Ludovic Lindsay (1847-1913) was the 26th Earl of Crawford & 9th Earl of Balcarres. His father, the 25th Earl of Crawford was the author of the “Lives of the Lindsays”. James Ludovic Lindsay’s early interest in astronomy led him to build the great Dunecht Observatory at the family estate named Dunecht.  James Ludovic Lindsay spent his time between his English estate Haigh Hall in Wigan, Lancashire and his Scottish estate Dunecht near Aberdeenshire

James Lindsay (ca 1430 Scotland – ? Augsburg, Austria) was the sixth son of David Lindsay (? – 1446), 3rd Earl of Crawford and Marjory Ogilvy.

James Lindsay accompanied Eleanor Stewart/Stuart, daughter of James I, King of Scotland, in 1449 to Austria where she married Sigismund (1427-1496) of Austria, a Habsburg Archduke of Austria and ruler of Tirol from 1446 to 1490. As a point of reference, James Lindsay’s great grandfather, David Lindsay, 1st Earl of Crawford, married Elizabeth (Catherine) Stewart/Stuart, daughter of King Robert II of Scotland.

It is also known that James Lindsay remained in Austria, after his journey there with Eleanor Stewart, and married a local heiress and founded a prominent family referred to in Augsburg (south-central Germany, and capital of the Swabia administrative region of Bavaria) as Kraffter (Crawford).

It is believed that the bride of James Lindsay was Magdalena von Esch, a descendant of the crusader, Gottfried von Esch. It is also believed that four great-grandsons of James Lindsay was ennobled by the Emperor Charles V in 1547 and admitted amongst the patricians of the city of Augsburg as so-called “Mehrer der Gesellschaft” or Patrons of Society. One of these great-grandsons, Hieronymus, is mentioned in an epitaph formerly in the Augsburg church of St. Anna.

The genealogy of this Lindsay lineage is still being researched. If anyone has any knowledge of this Lindsay lineage, please send an e-mail response to Joe Lindsey

Sir John Lindsay, KB (1737 – 4 June 1788) son of Sir Alexander Lindsay, 3rd Baronet of Evelix (near Dornoch in Easter Ross) and Amelia Murray, daughter of David Murray, 5th Viscount of Stormont. His mother was sister to William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield and Mansfield. Lindsay was educated as an aristocrat. He achieved the rank of admiral late in his career. During the Seven Years’ War, he served off France, followed by several years as captain of a warship in the West Indies. After war’s end, he returned to Britain, serving as an MP for Aberdeen Burghs from 1767 to 1768. From 1769 to 1772 Lindsay was promoted to commodore and assigned as commander-in-chief of the East Indies Station. He resigned from the Navy for a period following the Battle of Ushant (1778) off the coast of France, during the American War of Independence. In 1784 he was assigned as commodore and commander-in-chief in the Mediterranean. In the last year of his life, he was promoted to rear admiral as an honorary position, as
failing health prevented him from taking a command.

He and his wife had no children together, but he was known to have three illegitimate children, including two daughters and a son, each by different women. One was Dido Elizabeth Belle, a mixed-race daughter born into slavery in 1761 in the West Indies of whom more follows………….

(1761 – July 1804) Born into slavery as the natural daughter of Maria Belle, an enslaved African woman in the British West Indies, and Sir John Lindsay. Lindsay took Belle with him when he returned to England in 1765, entrusting her raising to his uncle William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, and his wife Elizabeth. The Murrays educated Belle, bringing her up as a free gentlewoman at their Kenwood House, together with another great-niece, Lady Elizabeth Murray, whose mother had died. Lady Elizabeth and Belle were second-cousins. Belle lived there for 30 years. In his will Lord Mansfield confirmed her freedom and provided an outright sum and an annuity to her, making her an heiress. In these years, her great-uncle, in his capacity as Lord Chief Justice, ruled in two significant slavery cases, finding in 1772 that slavery had no precedent in common law in England, and had never been authorised under positive law. This was taken as the formal end of slavery in Britain. A major motion picture was recently made of her life and surroundibg events.

Son of Sir David Lindsay and Susanna Charlotte, widow of George Ellis of Jamaica and daughter of Samuel Long of Jamaica. Entered Westminster School as Kings Scholar aged 13 in May 1776. Convicted with four other Westminster Schoolboys at Middlesex Quarter Sessions 1779 of a gross assault on a man in Dean’s Yard (part of the School grounds). Entered Christ Church College Oxford 1780. Admitted to Lincoln’s Inn 1781. Secretary of Legation St,Petersburg 1789. Resident at Venice 1791. Secretary to the Embassy in France 1792. Governor of the island of Tobago 1794. Died 1796.